Climate of Tibet:
1. What is the climate like in Tibet? Is it hot in summer? Is it very cold in winter?
Tibet lies on a high plateau and belongs to the typical down climate. The climate is very different in different areas of Tibet. Lower Tibet is warmer than Western Tibet. In some mountain areas there are four seasons at different heights at the same time. The weather on a day is also very different. The night is cold, while the day is warm. It spans 12-15 degrees Celsius in a single day.
The climate in Southeast Tibet including Nyingchi and Chamdo is mild with an average temperature of eight degrees Celsius. While in western Tibet (Shigatse and Nagqu) it is quite cold with an average temperature below zero degrees.
In the central area of Tibet, however, the climate of Lhasa and Tsedang is more favorable for travel. Travelers can visit these two areas all year round, not too hot in summer and not too cold in winter.
2. What is the road condition like in the rainy season in Tibet? Do I have to take something rainproof with me?
The rainy season in Tibet is mainly from June to August and it has a very bad impact on the streets. However, there are many track keepers and the local army would also help restore the roads. In general, it only takes a few hours before the roads can be used again. As rain protection you should take a raincoat, rain trousers and shoes with you when hiking, climbing the mountain or cycling. If you have group travel organized by some travel agencies, you don't usually need to take rain protection with you, as it often rains in Tibet at night and the weather is quite good during the day. In addition, the tourist bus is always with you.
3. When is the best time to travel to Tibet?
Generally, the travel season begins in early April and continues until mid-June when a large number of Chinese travelers rush to Tibet during the summer vacation. The end of June to the end of the national holiday is the main travel season when some important festivals are held in Tibet, such as the Shoton Festival, the Gyantse Dawa Festival and the Nagqu Horse Riding Festival. After mid-October, Tibet turns to winter, and as visitor numbers drop sharply, more than half of the hotels are closed due to poor reservations.
The best travel time depends on your travel requirements.
1. If you want an extremely low price, go to Tibet in winter from December to next March. All things are pretty cheap; Even the sights offer 30-50% discount on the entry price. Hotels are cheap too. You can enjoy 5-star hotels with less than $ 100 including breakfast. Compared to trips in August, the cost of a winter tour is only 50% -60% of a summer tour. Due to the small number of visitors, you can even spend a whole day in the Potala Palace. In addition, the monks are not busy and have free time to chat with you.
2. If you enjoy hiking, do so in May or September, when the monsoons never bother you and the weather is mild and pleasant.
3. If you love Mt.Everest and want to see the clear face of it, try to avoid the rainy season and foggy weather.
4. If you love the grasslands in northern Tibet, go on the tour in July when the flowers bloom in large meadows and groups of yaks and sheep. The Tibetan nomad tents are spread all over the grasslands.
5. Those who want to drive to Tibet via the Sichuan-Tibet highway should avoid the rainy season. On certain sections of the road, mudslides, collapses and muds block the passage of vehicles.
About altitude sickness
1. What is altitude sickness? What is the symptom of altitude sickness?
At high altitudes (over 2700 m), altitude sickness can occur due to the decreasing availability of oxygen. It usually occurs after a rapid ascent and can usually be prevented by ascending slowly. The symptoms often manifest six to ten hours after the ascent and usually subside within a day or two, but occasionally develop into more serious conditions. Common symptoms of altitude sickness include shortness of breath, headache, fatigue, stomach illness, dizziness and sleep disorders.
2. How can you avoid or alleviate altitude sickness?
- Stay in a good mood, don't be too excited, or worry about altitude sickness. Make yourself as physically and mentally healthy as possible before visiting Tibet.
- Take care and avoid catching a cold before you travel to Tibet. For the first two days after your arrival in Lhasa, you shouldn't take a shower to avoid getting cold.
- Do not drink alcohol for the first two days in Tibet. Drink plenty of water and eat light, high-carb meals for more energy.
- Do not do any races, jumps or tax jobs in the first two days. It is important to be peaceful and rest well.
- If you have the symptoms of altitude sickness, take some medicine (it is said that drinking some butter tea is helpful if you can adapt to the taste) and don't go higher. Medicines and oxygen also help prevent altitude sickness. Mild symptoms of altitude sickness can be treated with suitable medication. If medication and oxygen do not relieve the symptoms, go to the hospital or immediately evacuate to a safe height!
- Oxygen can help alleviate the symptoms of altitude sickness. However, don't use it too often in Lhasa while your altitude sickness symptoms are not severe. If you feel cold or very uncomfortable, you should contact the nearest hospital in the area.
- In addition to normal travel medication, it is advisable to take medication with you at high altitude. Ask your doctor for advice.
- Tell your guide quickly if you are uncomfortable and follow the guide's instructions.
3. What should I do if I have altitude sickness after arriving in Tibet?
There are hospitals in many large cities in Tibet. You can slowly get used to the mild altitude sickness and if it is serious you can go to the hospital. After you have altitude sickness, you should rest well, do not move too much, continue eating, drink some water with black sugar, or take medication. If altitude sickness is fairly serious, you should go to a hospital or go down to some lower places or leave Lhasa immediately. The altitude sickness disappears when you have reached a certain height and there are no further symptoms.
4. Is altitude sickness more serious if you travel to Tibet by plane than by train?
Exactly, but both have their advantages and disadvantages. You are more likely to get sick at high altitude because you don't have enough time to gradually adapt to the plateau's surroundings when you fly by plane. The change in altitude is directly several hundred meters to over 3000 meters. When you travel to Tibet by train, you can slowly and gradually adapt your body to the surroundings on the high plateau. Then you can alleviate or avoid altitude sickness.
5. People with what diseases cannot go to Tibet? Do I need physical exercise before I travel to Tibet?
People with the following diseases cannot travel to Tibet:
- People with all types of organic heart diseases, severe cardiac arrhythmia or resting heart rate above 100 per minute, high blood pressure II or higher, all types of blood diseases and cranial vascular diseases.
- People with chronic respiratory diseases, moderate degrees of obstructive pulmonary diseases or higher, such as bronchial expansion, emphysema and so on.
- People with diabetes mellitus that is not properly controlled, hysteria, epilepsy and schizophrenia.
- People with severe colds, upper respiratory tract infections, and body temperatures above 38F or below 38F, while the whole body and respiratory system have obvious symptoms, are advised not to travel to Tibet until they are well.
- People who have been diagnosed with high-altitude pulmonary edema, high-altitude brain edema, high-altitude hypertension with an obvious increase in blood pressure, high-altitude heart disease, and high-altitude polycythemia.
- High-risk pregnant women.
If you are unsure of your physical condition, you can have a physical exam. Before you travel to Tibet, however, you should not do any more sport because the training puts a greater strain on your heart and you need more oxygen, which can easily lead to altitude sickness.
6. Why can't people with a cold go to Tibet? What should I do if I catch a cold in Tibet?
If you catch a cold, your immune system will be weakened and altitude sickness can easily occur. In addition, severe cold can easily lead to some serious altitude sicknesses, especially pulmonary edema, which is very dangerous. So you shouldn't travel to Tibet until you have no cold.
If you catch a cold in Tibet, it may not be that bad because your body has already adapted to the plateau to a certain extent and you can go to the doctor and take medication
Approvals and certificates
1. Are there any restrictions or restrictions for foreigners wishing to travel to Tibet? How about Chinese from overseas, compatriots from Taiwan and compatriots from Hong Kong and Macau? How do you deal with it and how long does it take?
There are some special requirements for foreign travelers to Tibet. First, foreign tourists to Tibet must be organized by travel agencies with confirmed routes. Second, a Tibet Travel Permit issued by the Tibet Tourism Bureau is essential. The Tibet travel permit must be obtained before you travel to Tibet. In addition, foreigners are not allowed to travel to Tibet alone with their travel authorization. You must be accompanied by a licensed tour guide. Tibet travel permits are also required by foreign Chinese and Taiwanese compatriots, while compatriots from Hong Kong and Macao can travel to Tibet like other Chinese citizens with valid homecoming permits. Foreigners, foreign Chinese and compatriots from Taiwan can apply for a Tibet travel permit from the Tibet Tourist Office or from certain qualified travel agencies. Usually it can be obtained in a week and 2 to 3 days if you need it urgently.
2. What is an entry permit for Tibet? How do I get an entry permit for Tibet and what documents are required?
The entry permit for Tibet, also known as the TTB permit (Tibet Tourism Bureau) or Tibet Visa, is the basic document for foreign travelers entering Tibet. No foreign visitor can visit Tibet without holding the Tibet entry permit. Foreign tourists must present both their Chinese visa and Tibet entry permit when changing to boarding passes for flights to Tibet or trains to Tibet.
The entry permit for Tibet is officially issued by the Tibet Tourism Bureau to limit the number of foreign visitors. This permit allows foreign tourists to travel to the Lhasa region, including Lhasa City, Lake Yamdrok, Ganden, Tsurphu, Namtso, Drigung Til, and Reting.
The entry permit for Tibet is not available for independent travelers. Foreign travelers must travel in tour groups and ask a legitimate travel agency to request the Tibet tour for you.
You can obtain an entry permit for Tibet (TTB permit) by sending the first page of your valid passport and a copy of your Chinese visa by fax or email to certain qualified travel agencies and clearly stating your profession (foreign journalists and diplomats are not entitled) to go to Tibet as a tourist). If you are a Taiwan compatriot, send us copies of your MTP-Mainland travel authorization or Taiwan compatriot entry permit / travel document (commonly known as "Tai Bao Zheng") and tell us about your professions.
If you are a citizen of Hong Kong and the Macau SAR, the China re-entry permit for Hong Kong and Macau Compatriots is sufficient to travel to Tibet. You do not have to apply for a Tibet permit.
Warning: If you plan to travel to places that are officially closed to foreigners in Tibet, a foreigner travel permit is required.
3. What is Aliens Travel Permit?
With the exception of the entry permit for Tibet, an entry permit for foreigners is required if you want to travel to places that are officially closed to foreigners in Tibet, e.g. Everest, Rongbuk Monastery, Mt. Kailash and Lake Manasorovar. No foreigner permit is required for locations in the Lhasa region, in the cities of Shigatse and Tsetang, or for non-stop travel on the Friendship Highway.
Alliens travel authorization is required to visit unopened areas. Issued by the police (Public Security Bureau, "PSB"). You can usually apply for it once you arrive in Lhasa. For tour groups, our guide will ask for your passport and TTB permit and submit them to the PSB's Foreign Affairs Department for travel authorization. It usually takes several hours and the cost is 50 CNY / person. If you are a single traveler, you will need to join local tours to unopened areas, and local travel agents will also arrange the PSB for you. Warning, there is no travel agency that only offers PSB permits.
Note: If you want to take a Tibet overland tour from Yunnan Province, Sichuan, Qinghai or Xinjiang to Tibet, you need to get PSB approval before starting the tour.
4. Which parts of Tibet are listed as restricted areas?
You currently need to apply for a travel authorization to visit: Tsedang: Samye Monastery, Tomb of the Tibetan King, Trundruk Monastery, YumbulakhangShigatse: Sakya Monastery, Mountain. Everest, Rongbuk Monastery Gyangtse: Pelkor Chode Monastery & Kubum StupaNgari Region: Mt. Kailash, Lake Manasarovar, Tsaparang, Years etc. Nyingchi Region: Basum-tso, Pomi, Rawo-tso etc. Chamdo Region: Chamdo, Riwoche, Tengchen etc.
5. May other certificates and permits be required in Tibet?
In addition to the entry permit for Tibet, the foreigner travel permit for foreigners, the military permit, the foreign permit and other permits that may be required for travel in Tibet.
Sensitive border areas such as Mt. Kailash and Eastern Tibet also require military and foreign policy permits. For Tholing and Tsaparang in western Tibet, you also need permission from the local department for cultural antiques. All of this will be arranged by our travel agency one month before you enter Tibet. The military permit is issued by the force, while foreign policy approval is issued by the Lhasa State Department. It usually takes 10-15 working days to get them all.
6. How do I deal with the visa from Tibet to Nepal? Can I apply for a Nepal visa in Lhasa? Is it fast Should I be rejected?
Nepal has two embassies in China: one in Beijing and one in Lhasa. It is easier and more convenient to process the Nepal visa in Lhasa as long as you follow the certain procedures. And there are rarely cases of rejection. However, the visa officers do not work at regular times. It is therefore recommended to stay in Lhasa for several days to apply for a Nepal visa, and it is safer to process the visa only after you arrive in Lhasa. The General Consulate of Nepal is located in Lhasa, near the Norbulinka Park. You can usually get the visa in the afternoon of the next working day if you submit the application and the necessary documents on the morning of the first day. The time to submit the document is Monday to Friday from 10 a.m. to 12 p.m. So you have to plan a few days in Lhasa to wait for the visa. The time to get a visa is usually around 4pm. Once you have received the visa, you can fly to Kathmandu or take the car or bus to the Zhangmu border.
To apply for a Nepal visa in Lhasa, you need to prepare the original passport and 2 passport-sized copies and fill out a form. Your passport must be valid for at least the next 6 months. There are three types of visas for the period you want to stay in Neal: 15 days, 30 days and 3 months. If you stay in Nepal for more than 15 days, it is better to get the visa in Lhasa because the border office only issued one visa for 15 days and it is relatively expensive to extend the visa in Kathmandu or Gorkaha.
You can also get a Nepal visa at the border. Not far from the Friendship Bridge, you can get the entry visa for a 15-day stay at the border office for $ 25. You need to prepare a passport photo and fill out a form.
What to pack:
1. What medications should you take when traveling to Tibet?
There may be some altitude reaction in the first few days after you arrive in Tibet. Colds, insomnia and indigestion are common. Take all prescription drugs you take regularly in sufficient amounts, including medicines for the common cold, headache, stomachache, insect bite, diarrhea, etc. The counter drugs such as aspirin and diarrhea medications are available in Lhasa, but are more difficult to find outside of metropolitan areas to get. It is advisable to take altitude sickness medication to cope with a lack of oxygen. Bring Diamox pills that are believed to be effective in preventing altitude sickness. Please consult your doctor before you travel to Tibet.
2. What to eat when you travel to Tibet: You can take chocolate, dried beef, pickled mustard bulbs, cookies and other foods and snacks that you like. You'd better eat high calories. You can also take some chewing gum with you to relieve the symptoms of syrigmus and headache. If you are traveling to remote areas of Tibet, it is a good idea to pack some food, snacks, and drinking water. It is not always easy to find food or drinkable water in these areas. Water treatment systems such as hand pump filters are not required, as bottled water and thermos with boiled water are available throughout Tibet. Water purification tablets can be useful during trekking. It's a good idea to take a good quality multivitamin product to supplement your diet as a stock of vegetables and fruits may not be readily available.
3. The essentials you should take with you when traveling to Tibet: sunglasses, hat, sunscreen, skin cream, lipstick, long-sleeved clothing, sweater, passport, visa, money, credit card, camera, film, batteries, toiletries, cosmetics, knife, watch , Daypack, large travel bags (soft luggage), water bottle, diary, reading book, writing materials, binoculars, family pictures and snacks.
4. What clothes and shoes should you take with you when you travel to Tibet?
The temperatures change strongly in the Altiplano. In northern Tibet, people wear thick coats all year round (including July and August, which are the hottest months in most areas of China). The highest temperature in northern Tibet is 4 to 5 degrees Celsius. It also snows in July and August.
The temperature difference in a day is big. In Lhasa, the temperature in July is 30 degrees during the day, but 10 degrees at night. Sometimes it snows or it snows at night, so you should take a few down clothes (those with hats better), wool sweaters, warm gloves, warm and windproof shoes and socks. Wearing multiple layers of clothing that can be easily added or removed is a wise choice because temperatures can vary widely within a day.
Most hotels in Tibet do not have central heating. The air conditioners in the single rooms do not work well in the cold night. In winter, from November to next March, you must of course bring jackets, warm sweaters, gloves, warm pants and woolen hats. It is very cold in the morning and in the evening. In summer you have to wear a T-shirt during the day, in the morning and in the evening you have to wear the jacket in the hotel.
During the high season of tourism, April, May, September and October, you need to prepare T-shirts, coats and jeans as well as warm sweaters. In addition, frequent rains this season make waterproof clothing and rainwear an absolute must.
Even in summer, a down coat is required for those traveling outside of Lhasa and Shigatse to more remote areas like Everest Camp. A windbreaker and a sweater are great for strolling through Lhasa in summer.
Other important things include four or five pairs of cotton or wool underwear, four or five pairs of wool socks, long-sleeved shirts and cotton or light wool t-shirts. Women should avoid skirts or dresses.
Even when you visit Tibet, it is very important to keep warm if your plan includes an overnight stay at Everest Base Camp or in Namtso Lake or a multi-day hike in the mountains. Winter clothing is a must. However, you don't have to worry too much about clothes, you can buy any kind of clothes you need in Lhasa, and clothes are pretty cheap.
It is very important to have a strong, comfortable pair of boots, especially if you are traveling in remote areas and have to walk a long distance. For example, if your trip reaches Everest Base Camp, you will need to travel 8 km from Rongpuk Monastery to the EBC and back. Light boots are fine, but Tibet can be wet and we will run extensively. So make sure that your shoes fit well and are suitable for cold and puddles. You should also wear a pair of comfortable and sturdy sandals.
5. What certificates and documents should I take with me when I travel to Tibet?
Of course, you should take your passport, China visa and Tibet travel permit with you. Or you can't even get on the plane or train.
For foreign tourists who want to travel freely in Tibet, a total of four documents are required:
Chinese Visa – You can apply for a visa at the Chinese Embassy in your country.
Entry permit for Tibet – It is issued by the Tibet Tourism Bureau and is a must for foreigners entering Tibet.
Travel authorization: This is required if you plan to travel to the closed areas in Tibet and you can get it when you arrive in Tibet
Military permit – You must obtain a permit if you want to travel to a militarily sensitive area.